Updated: Mar 28, 2022
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STEPS FOR A SYMMETRICAL LAYOUT
A symmetrical layout relies on knowing where the center of the wall space you're using. This approach will ensure that your picture layout is in perfect balance. This is especially helpful whether you're using the entire wall for a gallery or just part of a wall to build your picture arrangement. If your layout is less traditional and won't be symmetrical, then skip this step.
Formula for Calculating Eye Level
Start by calculating the center width of the wall as described in the symmetrical directions. Then proceed to figure the eye level instead of the center height. According to Purdue University, the formula you need to use for calculating each picture placement at eye level is 1/2h + 58 - d = nail height.
Measure the height of the picture (h) and divide this number in half. For example, if your picture is 42 inches tall, you'd take 42 ÷ 2 = 21 inches.
You'll then add 58 to this number. So, 21 + 58 = 79 inches.
The picture drop (d) is then subtracted from the 58 inches. The drop is calculated by measuring the distance between the top of the picture and the hanger, such as a sawtooth, D-loop or picture wire. (In the case of picture wire, you'll pull the wire up toward the top as it would be stretch when hung on the wall and measure the distance.) So, if your picture drop is 2 inches, you'd take 79 - 2 = 77 inches.
This is the distance you'll measure from floor up the wall. Mark this with a pencil and install the nail or screw system to hang your picture.